More of the mysteries of traumatic brain injuries are being uncovered by research with every new study. The reason behind the seizures and memory defects often associated with traumatic brain injuries may lie in a reduction in the level of a protein which regulates brain activity.
In a finding that may provide a scientific basis for eventual treatment, neurology researchers have shown that traumatic brain injury reduces the level of a protein that helps keep brain activity in balance. The resulting abnormal activity, in turn, is thought to be an underlying reason for seizures and memory defects experienced by people who have suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
“A traumatic brain injury occurs to someone in the United States every 23 seconds,” said study team leader Akiva S. Cohen, Ph.D., of The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, adding that, “TBI is the leading cause of death among children and young adults in this country. There are no cures known for traumatic brain injury. Our hope is that our research may contribute to potential therapies for TBI patients.”
Transportation accidents such as car crashes are responsible for the majority of TBIs in people under age 75. According to the National Institutes of Health, over 5 million Americans currently have permanent disabilities resulting from TBIs.